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Principals have the right to temporarily suspend students from school for any reasonable cause. The suspension by the principal shall not be for more than 10 days and must be reported to the superintendent who may revoke the suspension at any time. The superintendent may suspend a student for not more than 90 days. In case of a suspension by the superintendent for more than 10 school days, the pupil or his parents or others having his custodial care may appeal the decision of the superintendent to the board of education (SDCL 13-32-4.2).
Serious breaches of standards of behavior may result in suspensions or expulsions from school. A suspension may be imposed when a student’s behavior creates a threat to his/her own or other’s safety or imposes a threat to property or premises. Actions, which can lead to suspensions or expulsions, are:
2. Committing an assault on another
4. Possessing weapons, explosives, or other prohibited weapons
5. Making false alarms or bomb threats
6. Lewd or threatening behavior or language
7. Possession of beer, alcohol, or illegal drugs on school premises or at school activities
Students may be expelled from school by action of the Board of Education with proper due process given the student and the parents of the student. The period of expulsion may extend beyond the semester in which the violation, insubordination, or misconduct occurred. Students who are guilty of continued serious misconduct may be recommended for expulsion.
Procedures for Student Suspensions/Expulsions
Short Term Suspension/in school suspension
1. Give oral or written notice to student and to parents, guardian, or other responsible person, if available, as soon as possible after discovery of misconduct.
2. The notice is to contain the rule, regulation or policy violated. The student must be given an opportunity to answer the charges.
3. This process does not involve board participation.
4. The hearing is no more than an informal setting granting the student the opportunity to answer the charges and present his/her side of the story.
5. Superintendent or principal should issue a decision as soon as possible. This may be done right on the spot.
6. If the student is suspended, written notice of due process rights must be provided to the student and the parent, guardian, or other responsible person. An unemancipated minor may not be removed from the school during school without notice to the parent/guardian. Dangerous students may be turned over to law enforcement.
Long-term suspension/out of school suspension
1. The superintendent must prepare and seal a written report to the school board not later than the end of the fifth day following the first day of a long-term suspension. The superintendent may request that a hearing be held before the school board. (It is recommended that the school board conduct a hearing for any suspension extending more than ten days.)
2. The superintendent’s report includes the facts of the situation, the action taken, the reasons for the actions, and the superintendent’s decision or recommendation. The report remains in the possession of the school board president, sealed and unavailable to individual school board members until and unless a hearing is held. A copy of the report must be sent to the emancipated student or to the parent/guardian at the time it is filed with the board president.
3. The superintendent may exclude the student from class or classes by using a short-term suspension procedure. An activity should be considered a class, especially if credit is given for the activity. The superintendent must give notice to the emancipated student or the parent/guardian of a proposed long-term suspension, and may schedule a hearing. The notice must contain:
a. Policy alleged violated.
b. The reason for the discipline.
c. Notice of the right to a hearing or the right to waive this hearing.
d. A description of the hearing process.
e. A statement that the records are available for examination.
f. Notice that the student may present witnesses.
4. If a hearing is requested, the superintendent shall set the date, time, and place for the hearing and send notice to the school board members, as well as notice by certified mail to the emancipated student or the parents/guardians.
5. If no hearing is requested or if the hearing is waived, the proposed action or decision of the superintendent is final.
6. A hearing may be waived by an emancipated student or the parents/guardians of an unemancipated minor. If the hearing is not waived, the hearing shall be held as set forth in the notice.
Conducting the Hearing
1. The school board is the hearing board.
2. The school board shall appoint either one of its own members or someone not an employee of district as hearing officer. At the commencement of the hearing, the hearing officer should:
a. State that the hearing is open at the time and place contained in the notice.
b. State the reason for the hearing.
c. Identify the date of the notice of hearing.
d. Identify to whom the notice was provided.
e. Have each person present identify themselves by name.
3. The school board shall arrange the place of hearing with three tables, one for the board, one for the administration, and one for the student.
4. The hearing is closed to the public and a verbatim record will be made and sealed pending court order. (It is recommended that the verbatim record be either a court reporter or videotape).
5. Each party may make an opening statement, introduce evidence, present witnesses, and examine and cross-examine witnesses.
6. The school administration shall present its case.
7. Each party may be represented by an attorney.
8. If the school attorney is going to present the administration’s case, the attorney should not also advise the board. The board should engage separate council in that case.
9. Witnesses, other than the student and his/her representative, are present only while testifying and each witness must take an oath and affirmation administered by the school board president or business manager.
10. Each party may raise objections to relevancy and scope of the questions. All relevant evidence must be admitted, however unproductive or repetitious evidence may be limited by the hearing officer.
11. The hearing officer may ask questions of witnesses, as may school board members.
12. Each party may make a closing statement.
13. After the hearing is closed, the board shall deliberate in executive session. No one other than the hearing officer may meet with the school board during deliberation. The school board may seek advice during deliberation from any attorney not representing a party at the hearing. Any other consultation with any person other than board members during deliberation may occur only if a representative of the student is present.
14. The decision must be based upon the evidence presented at the hearing and be contained in a motion made in open meeting. The motion must omit the name of the student and must state the reasons for the board’s actions.
15. The emancipated student or parent/guardian must be given notice, in writing, of the board’s decision, which must state the length of the suspension or expulsion.
16. The board’s decision may be appealed to the circuit court.
Special Education Students
1. If a student attending school on an individualized educational program (IEP) is the subject of a long-term suspension procedure, special considerations apply.
2. A long-term suspension of a special education student requires a referral to a placement committee. If the action, behavior, or activity which caused the long-term suspension is the result of the student’s disability, the placement committee shall prepare a revised IEP and the long-term suspension terminates upon implementation of the plan.
3. Any suspension of more than ten school days constitutes an change in placement and requires prior notice and the right to due process, as specified for a change of placement.
4. A special education student’s parent/guardian may grant written parental approval for the change in placement.
5. If it is necessary to suspend a special education student for more than ten days and no parental agreement can be achieved for an interim placement or continued suspension, the district must apply to the circuit court for permission to suspend the student.
6. In any such court action, there is a presumption in favor of the current educational placement, which may be rebutted only by showing that the current placement is “substantially likely to result in injury to the student or to others.”
7. Failure to carefully follow due process procedures with respect to special education students can result in serious ramifications to the district.